Travel to Canada to know the country and, in passing, to know what Canadian men and women are like. But how are Canadian men and women? Canadian women and men are very independent and are not accustomed to affection or affection like Hispanics or Latinos. Canada is a multicultural country, where many cultures and nationalities coexist. In fact, it is difficult to find a Canadian whose entire family tree is from Canada. Usually the grandparents migrated from some country to Canada and the children have been staying and training the Canadian culture.
Canada has an area of: 9,970,000 km2. It is the second largest country in the world. To the west, north and east it is surrounded by three oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic, respectively. To the south it borders the United States in a strip of 8,892 km.
The Canadian geography is varied. It includes fertile plains, propitious for agriculture, mountainous mountain ranges, innumerable lakes and rivers, multitude of extensive forests and the tundra in the Arctic. Its highest mountain is Mount Logan which is located in the Yukon and has a height of 5,989 meters.
It is estimated that in Canada there are 30,000 lakes with an extension of more than 3 km. The largest are the Great Lakes that share the United States and Canada. Lake Superior is the largest, with an extension of 82,100 km.
The longest river in Canada is the Mackenzie. It is located in the Northwest Territories and has a length of 4,241 km.
Until the fifteenth century Canada was inhabited by some 300,000 natives of very diverse cultures that occupied all the regions of the country and lived on hunting, fishing or agriculture.
In the seventeenth century French and British explorers founded the first colonies, to take advantage of the fur trade. The French settled along the St. Lawrence River, the Mississippi and around the Great Lakes. The British did it around Hudson Bay and on the Atlantic coast. Due to the commercial rivalry between the colonies of New France and New England, in the eighteenth century a conflict broke out between France and Great Britain that culminated in the British victory. In 1763, with the Treaty of Paris, New France became a British colony and, a few years later, Great Britain officially recognized French civil law and guaranteed religious and linguistic freedom for French-speakers in Canada.
On July 1, 1867, by the British North American Act, Britain united in one nation four of its provinces in North America: Upper Canada (now Ontario), Lower Canada (now Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick and by giving it the title of Dominion of Canada, it acquired the status of an independent nation with its own government based on the British parliamentary system. In later years, Canada, incorporated the other British colonies of North America. New provinces were created and new territories were annexed until the current Canada was configured. In 1982 an important constitutional reform took place and, as a consequence, the British North American Act of 1867 and its various modifications became the current Constitution of Canada.
Canada Political and Legal organization
Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a federal state and a parliamentary democracy. It is composed of ten provinces and three territories. Queen Elizabeth II of England is Queen of Canada and, therefore, is Head of State of the country. Delegate his powers to the Governor General of Canada. The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and his government cabinet. The legislative power is represented by the Parliament, which consists of two chambers: the Upper House or Senate consisting of 105 appointed senators and the House of Commons, consisting of 308 deputies (one representative for each electoral district), elected by universal suffrage . The election of deputies is usually done four years, with five years the maximum legislative period allowed. The party that obtains the largest number of representatives in the House of Commons is in charge of forming a government.
The Constitution of Canada establishes federalism as a form of government and defines the functions of the federal government, which deals with matters of a general nature such as foreign policy, international trade, defense, fisheries, transport, immigration, human rights, communications, monetary systems and banking and criminal law. The provinces have jurisdiction over the administration of justice, civil rights, exploitation of natural resources, education, culture and municipal administration. The federal government and the provinces share responsibility for the environment. Each province has its own Legislative Assembly, elected by universal suffrage.
The Constitution establishes a Declaration of Rights and Freedoms of every person residing in Canada; it protects freedom of expression and religion, democratic rights, freedom of movement, linguistic rights, and also protects the citizen against sexual, racial, ethnic discrimination and that based on physical or mental deficiencies, among others.
The Canadian economy is one of the most prosperous in the world. It is recognized for its wealth in raw materials and natural resources such as oil, gas, minerals and agricultural products.
Thanks to this, Canada has been developing a manufacturing industry based on these goods, such as the paper industry, of which it is the world’s leading exporter, but recently the services sector has become the main engine of the Canadian economy. , since it represents 67% of GDP and 70% of employment. The high-tech manufacturing sectors, such as telecommunications, the aerospace industry, biotechnology, microelectronics and environmental-related technologies, such as water treatment, atmospheric emission control and technical techniques, are also under development.
Remote sensing. Also, foreign trade becomes increasingly important within the economic activities of the country. Since the Trade Agreement (USMCA) between Canada, the United States and Mexico, Canada has developed ever closer trade relations with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean and already has a Free Trade Agreement with Chile, signed in 1996. Foreign investments have been very important in the development of the Canadian economy, because Canada is an attractive place for them, since it offers great stability for business activity, a highly qualified workforce, a wide communications network and infrastructures and a very high technological level. Also noteworthy is the increase in Canadian investments in Latin America and the Caribbean. The Asia-Pacific area has become one of the focal points of Canadian trade and capital. Canada is a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC), Society, culture and environment Each year, Canada appears among the countries designated by the UN with the best quality of life for the level and life expectancy as well as the schooling of its population, that is why many Latin families seek to emigrate to Canada. In Canada there are two large linguistic communities: the English and the French whose languages, English and French have the status of official languages. The vast majority of French speakers are concentrated in the province of Quebec, but there are also significant French-speaking communities in Ontario and in the Atlantic provinces, especially in New Brunswick. There are also important communities with roots in Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. The federal government officially recognizes the multicultural character of Canadian society and promotes cultural diversity within official bodies. In 1988, the Multiculturalism Law was proclaimed that accepts and integrates the different cultures that make up Canadian society. The native population of Canada includes indigenous peoples and Inuit (previously called Eskimos), there are currently around 2,000,000 registered indigenous people in Canada, Inuit peoples, about 55,000 people living on the northern coast and the Arctic islands, and progress in the socio-economic life of the indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have been considerable, especially in terms of health, education and economic development, and a large number of territorial claims have been satisfactorily resolved, the most important having been resolved with the creation of Nunavut in 1999, which has an area of 2 million square kilometers and is h mostly inhabited by the Inuits.
Canada General facts:
National symbol: maple leaf
National animal: beaver
Population (2007): 32,976, 026 inhabitants
Political division and its capitals: (10 provinces and 3 territories) British Columbia (Victoria) Alberta (Edmonton) Saskatchewan (Regina) Manitoba (Winnipeg) Ontario (Toronto) Quebec (Quebec) New Brunswick (Fredericton) Nova Scotia (Halifax) Prince Edward Island (Charlottetown) Newfoundland and Labrador (St. John’s) Yukon (Whitehorse) Northwest Territories (Yellowknife) Nunavut (Iqaluit)
Main cities and population: Toronto: 5,406,000
Typical Costume: Due to its cultural diversity, Canada does not have a typical costume, but among its representative costumes stand out the Royal Mounted Police uniform and the costumes of the first indigenous inhabitants.
Typical dances : Among the folkloric dances are the cuadrilla and the round of couples, both of European origin, as well as the ritual dances of the indigenous peoples.
Food: The most representative food products are bison meat, honey and maple sugar ( maple), salmon, lobster, oysters and different fish, many of them of great regional importance. A typical dish is the meat pie or “tourtière”. Sports: The most popular sports are ice hockey, Canadian football and baseball.
Religion: Most Canadians profess the Catholic religion, followed by Protestantism, Judaism and others. His main religious holidays are Christmas, Easter and Passover of the Hebrews.
For information on how to work or study in Canada, including visa requirements and how to obtain work and study permits, Visit the Citizenship and Immigration Canada website.
Your local Canadian consulate or embassy also has information about jobs or educational opportunities in Canada.
Contact information for Canadian embassies worldwide can be found by visiting the Foreign Affairs Canada website. Banks, government offices, schools and some
Canadian stores are closed on the following holidays, also known as public holidays. federal laws: New Year’s Day – Jan. 1
Good Friday – Apr. 10, 2009 (several year to year)
Easter Monday – Apr.13, 2009 (several year to year)
Victoria Day – the Monday preceding May 25
Canada Day – Jul. 1 (observed on Jul. 2 if Jul. 1 falls on a Sunday)
Labor Day – first Monday of Sept.
Thanksgiving Day – second Monday of Oct.
Remembrance Day – Nov. 11
Christmas Day – Dec. 25
Boxing Day – Dec. 26