Canadian Citizenship Practice Test – Canada Citizenship Test

Canadian Citizenship Practice Test – Canada Citizenship Test

This is just one example of the questions that come in the Citizenship Test in Canada, to guide our readers, the translation may not be accurate.  In the last part of the questionnaire  you will find an study guide in PDF

Canadian Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

– Who are the aborigines of Canada?
The first inhabitants of Canada.

– What are the 3 main Aboriginal groups in Canada?
“First Nations”, “Métis” and “Inuit.

– In what places did the aborigines live for the first time?
In all regions.

– What kind of things did they do to survive?
They lived from fishing and hunting.

– From whom do the Métis descend?
Of the French and English merchants and women of the “First Nations” group.

– In what kind of industry did the Métis work when the European colonizers arrived?
Fur trade.

– Which aboriginal group represents more than half of the population of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut? Inuit

– Why are the Canadian aborigines working on their own governments?
They are trying to take control over decisions that affect their lives.

– Where was the first colonizer that came to Canada?
France.

– Why were you first exploring the Atlantic of Canada?
For fishing and trade with the people of “First Nations”.

– Who are the “Acadian” people?
The descendants of the first French settlers.

– What are the three industries that helped the colonizers to build the first communities in the Atlantic?
Agriculture, fishing and naval shipyards.

– Who were the “United Empire Loyalist”?
British settlers from the United States.

– When did the “United Empire Loyalist” come to Canada?
In the late 1700s.

– When the French settlers settled for the first time in the “St. Lawrence River “?
At the beginning of 1600.

– What was the main industry established by the first European settlers?
The fur trade.

– What form of transportation did the aborigines and merchants use to create their commercial network with the rest of North America?
They moved through the waterways.

– How long did the Hudson Bay Company control the “northern lands”? For 300 years.

– What important trade was Hudson Bay Company controlling? The one with the skins.

– When were thousands of miners arriving at the Yukon?
At the end of the 1800s.

– What did the government do to make immigration easier to western Canada?
Completed the construction of the railway network.

– Which group of people were of the utmost importance to build the tracks of the Canadian Pacific Railway? The Chinese.

– In what year did the construction of the road end? In the late 1800s.

– What did the federal government do to motivate the establishment of people in the Prairie provinces during the 1900s?
It offered land at low prices.

– What does the Confederation mean?
Join the Provinces to create a new Country.

– What is the Canadian constitution?
A set of laws and conventions under which the country is governed.

– In what year did Canada become a country? 1867

– What document did the Confederation make legal?
The British North American Act.

– Which document establishes the responsibilities of the federal and provincial governments? The British North American Act.

– When did the document take effect? 1867

– Why is the British North America Act so important to Canadian history?
Because it conferred legality on the Confederation.

– What were the first 4 provinces that made up the confederation? Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Alberta.

– List each of the provinces and territories that make up the Confederation.
Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Saskatchewan, British Columbia.

– What was the last province to join Canada?
Newfoundland.

– When is Canada Day celebrated?
The Anniversary of the Confederation is celebrated every 1st of July.

– Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?
Sir John A. Macdonald.

– Why is the Constitution Act of 1982 important in history?
Because it allowed Canada to change the Constitution without asking for approval from the British Government.

– What is the part of the Constitution that legalizes and protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

– At what point did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian constitution? 1982

– Name two freedoms enjoyed by Canadians with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Freedom of Religion and Freedom of Expression.

– Name three legal rights of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Right to life, not to be subject to cruel or unusual treatment, just judgments.

Who is entitled to apply for a Canadian passport?
The Canadian citizens.

– Who has the right to enter and live in Canada whenever they wish? The Canadian citizens.

– Who has the right to be considered in the first place before a job with the federal government? The Canadian citizens.

– What does equality in the laws mean?
Protection against discrimination.

– What do mobility rights mean?
The right to live and work anywhere in Canada.

– What is the promise you take when you acquire citizenship?
Full respect to the Queen, observe the laws of Canada and fulfill the duties of the Canadian.

– What legal documents recognize the cultural diversity of Canada? The Multiculturalism Act of Canada.

– What are the two official languages? English and French

– What legal documents protect the language rights of Canadians?
The Canadian Constitution and the Official Language Act.

– Where do the Canadians who speak most French live? Quebec

– What is the province that has the most bilingual people?
Prince Edward Island.

– What is the only officially bilingual province? New Brunswick

– How does the Canadian flag look?
It is white with red edges on each end and a red maple leaf in the center.

– What is the national anthem of Canada? O Canada.

– Write the first two lines of the national anthem of Canada.
O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love all thy sons command.

– Where does the name “Canada” come from?
From the word “kanata”, a word used by the indigenous group “First Nations” to refer to a village.

– What is the official animal symbol of Canada? The Beaver.

– What is the name of the tower located in the Parliament Center? The Peace Tower.

– What were the unique art forms built by the first inhabitants on the west coast? Totems

– Why the north was sometimes called “the place of the midnight sun”?
Because in summer, daylight can last almost 24 hours.

– An act of Parliament was required to create a new territory in northern Canada. What is the name of that new territory? Nunavut

– How many inhabitants does Canada have?
Approximately 30 million inhabitants.

– What are the three oceans bordering Canada?
Atlantic, Arctic and Pacific.

– How many provinces and territories make up Canada?
Ten provinces and three territories.

– What is the capital city of Canada? Ottawa.

– Name all provinces and territories, in addition to their respective capital cities.
Newfoundland-St.John’s / Nova Scotia-Halifax
Prince Edward Island-Charlottetown / New Brunswick-Fredericton Quebec-Quebec / Ontario-Toronto / Manitoba-Winnipeg
Saskatchewan-Regina / Alberta-Edmonton
British Columbia-Victoria / Yukon Territories-Whitehorse
Northwest Territories-Yellowknife.

– Name the 5 regions of Canada.
Atlantic, Central, Praire, West, North.

– What are the provinces considered to be in central Canada?
Ontario and Quebec.

– What are the considered ones of the Atlantic region?
Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

– What are the provinces of the “Prairie”?
Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.

– What are the territories of northern Canada?
Territory of the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut.

– Name two provinces that are on the Atlantic coast of Canada.
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

– Name a province on the Pacific Coast of Canada.
British Columbia.

– Which region covers more than one third of Canada?
The North region.

– Which province do a third of the Canadians inhabit?
Ontario

– What are the “Canadian Shield”?
Rock formations millions of years old.

– Where are the Canadian Shield? Quebec and Ontario.

– Where are the “Canadian Rockies”? Between British Columbia and Alberta.

– Where are the great lakes? South of Ontario along the boundary between Canada and the United States.

– What is the name of two of the great lakes? Huron and Erie.

– Where is the St. Lawrence Canal? Central Canada.

– Name two important mountains in Canada?
Columbia Mountains and Coastal Mountains.

– Which territory shares its lands and is bordered by another country?
Territory of the Yukon.

– Which province is known as the Land of the 100,000 lakes?
Manitoba

– Which provinces are connected to New Brunswick by land?
Nova Scotia and Quebec.

– In which ocean is Newfoundland located? Atlantic.

– Which group of mountains forms an edge between Alberta and British Columbia? The Rocky Mountains.

– Which two provinces are near Prince Edward Island?
New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

– What is the smallest province in Canada?
Prince Edward Island.

– Where is the parliament building located? Ottawa.

– Which country borders Canada from the south? United States of America.

– What are the three most important types of industry in Canada?
Natural Resources, Manufacturing and Services.

– What kind of jobs are most Canadians in?
Services

– Which country has the most commercial development in Canada?
United States of America.

– Why are the Great Lakes of Canada of great importance? For being a source of fresh water and navigation routes.

– Why is the St. Lawrence waterway so important for Canada?
Because it is a maritime communication route to the Great Lakes.

– Why is the “Canadian Shield” so important to the Canadian economy?
Because they are mineral deposits.

– List 4 important minerals that are extracted from the “Canadian Shield”.
Gold, Silver, Copper and Nickel.

– What is the province where the most productive agricultural region in the world is located? Saskatchewan

– Which region with the most industrial development and manufacturing of the heart of Canada?
Ontario

– Which are the two provinces that produce three quarters of manufacturing products? Ontario and Quebec.

– Which province is the largest metal producer in Canada? Manitoba

– Which province is the largest producer of pulp and paper?
British Columbia.

– Which province has the largest farm industry in Canada? Quebec

– Which province has the largest forest industry in Canada?
British Columbia.

– Which is the province that produces the most oil and gas in Canada?
Alberta

– Which province of Canada is the producer of “leading wheat”?
Saskatchewan

– Which is the province that produces the most hydroelectric energy?
Quebec

– What are the two fuels that provide half the energy used in Canada? Oil and Natural Gas

– Which products from southern Ontario are the key to exports?
Products of the Automotive industry.

– What are the three minerals that are mined in the mines today?
Gold, Zinc and Lead.

– Which city interconnects the main cities of Canada and other countries through the Pacific Ocean? Vancouver

– What products are produced in the Niagara Peninsula?
Apples, Grapes and Peaches.

– More than half of Canadian aeronautics and space industries are located in which province? Quebec

– Why is the Okanagan Valley famous? For the fruits of orchards.

– What fish represents a valuable industry on the West Coast? The salmon.

– Who is the head of the Canadian State?
His Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

– Who is the Queen’s general representative in Canada?
The Governor General of Canada.

– What would you call representatives in the province and regions of the Queen? Lieutenant-Governor.

– What is the Canadian government system called?
Parliamentary government.

– Which three parts make up the Parliament?
The Queen, The House of Commons and the Senate.

– What are the three levels of government in Canada called?
Federal, Provincial / Territorial and Municipal or Local.

– Explain the difference between the 3 levels of government?

– From the name of two levels of government and explain how they differ.

– Name two responsibilities of each level of government?

– What is meant as a law is not retroactive?
That it is not exercised for related cases that occurred before its promulgation.

– How does a decree become law?
Being approved by majority in the House of Commons, in the Senate and finally by the Governor General.

– What is the final step for a decree to become law?
The approval by the Governor General.

– What is the meaning of the initials MP, for Canadian politicians? Member of parliament.

– How to choose a member of parliament?
Through the vote of Canadian citizens.

– Who do the members of Parliament represent?
To all those who live in your Electoral District.

– What do members of Parliament do?
They are the link with the federal government.

– What is a constituency?
It is a geographical area represented by a member of the House of Commons.

– How many electoral districts exist in Canada? 301

– Name three requirements that are required to vote in a federal election?
Be a Canadian citizen, over 18 years of age and appear on the voters list.

– What is the Notice of Confirmation of Registration?
A form that tells where and when to vote.

– What is a “polling station”? The place where one votes.

– What is a “ballot” ballot? The voting form.

– What is written in the “ballot”?
The names of the candidates in the electoral district in alphabetical order.

– What is the mark that you must make about the “ballot”? One X.

– What does it mean to vote secretly?
That nobody can see the vote made.

– Who has the right to federal vote?
Canadian citizens, over 18 years of age and to be on the voters list.

– Who has the right to be a candidate in a federal election?
Any Canadian citizen over 18 years of age.

– Who are the Canadians voting for in a federal vote?
For the candidate who will represent them in Parliament.

– How is the government formed after an election?
The party with the most elected representatives becomes the party to power.

– How is the Prime Minister chosen?
The leader of the party with the most elected representatives becomes the Prime Minister.

– How often should elections be held in accordance with the Constitution?
Within 5 years of the last election.

– What does a political party do?
Share ideas about how a government should work.

– What is considered a Party Platform?
The plans made by a political party.

– What does it mean for a political party to be in power?
Which has the largest number of representatives.

– What are the political parties that are not in power called?
Opposition Matches

– Which party is considered the official opposition?
The opposition party with the largest number of representatives

HISTORY
– Where did the first European settlers in Canada come from?
They came from France.

– Why did the early explorers first come to Atlantic Canada?
This region offered them fishing and trade opportunities.

– Who were the Acadian people?
They were first to settle permanently in Canada, precisely in the Atlantic Region.

– What three industries helped the early settlers build communities in the Atlantic region?
They were helped by farming, fishing and shipbuilding.

– Who were the United Empire Loyalists?
They were people loyal to England.

– When did the United Empire Loyalists come to Canada?
In the late 1700s.

– When did settlers from France first establish communities on the St. Lawrence River?
In the early 1600s.

– In which type of industry did most early European settlers work?
They worked in the fur industry.

– Which trade spread across Canada, making it important to the economy for over 300 years?
This is the fur trade.

– What form of transportation did Aboriginal peoples and fur traders use to create trading networks in North America?
They used the canoe.

– For how long did the Hudson Bay Company control the northern lands?
They controlled the lands for 300 years.

– What important trade did the Hudson’s Bay Company control?
They controlled the fur trade.

– When did thousands of miners first come to the Yukon?
In the late 1800s.

– What did the government do to make immigration to western Canada much easier?
They build the Trans-Canadian railway.

– Which group of people were important in the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway?
In the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway, Chinese people helped.

– When was the Canadian Pacific Railway finished?
In the late 1800s.

– What did the federal government do to encourage people to settle in the Prairie Province during the early 1900s?
They gave cheap land to the people.

CONFEDERATION / GOVERNMENT
– What does Confederation mean?
Different provinces joined together to form a new country.

– What is the Canadian Constitution?
Canadian Constitution is a system of laws and conventions by which Canada governs itself.

– What year was Confederation? In 1867.

– What document made Confederation legal?
The British North America Act.

– Which document first defined the responsibilities of federal and provincial governments?
The British North America Act.

– When did the British North America Act come into effect?
In 1867.

– Why is the British North America Act important in Canadian history?
It made the Confederation legal.

– Which four provinces first formed Confederation?
Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick.

– List each province and territory joined Confederation.
Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, Northwest Territories, Yukon, Saskatchewan, British Columbia.

– Which was the last province to join Canada?
New Foundland in 1949.

– When is Canada Day and what does it celebrate?
On first of July and it celebrates the anniversary of the Confederation.

– Who was the first Prime Minister of Canada?
Sir John a. MacDonald.

– Why is the Constitution Act, 1982 important in Canadian history?
Allowed Canada to change the Constitution without asking British government for approval.

RIGHTS & RESPONSIBILITIES
– What part of the Constitution legally protects the basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians?
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

– When did the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms become part of the Canadian Constitution?
In 1982.

– Name two fundamental freedoms protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The freedom of thought, the right to live and work anywhere in Canada.

– Name three legal rights protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Right to a fair trial, right to protection against discrimination, right to liberty and security of the person.

– List four rights Canadian citizen have.
Right to enter and leave Canada freely, right to vote in federal and provincial elections, right to learn in either official language, right to a Canadian passport.

– Who has the right to apply for a Canadian passport?
Only Canadian citizens.

– Who has the right to enter and leave Canada at will?
Only Canadian citizens.

– Who has the right to be considered first for a job in the Federal Government?
Only Canadian citizens.

– What does equality under the law mean?
Nobody can have a different status in front of the law.

– What does “mobility rights” mean?
You can live and work wherever in Canada.

– Name six responsibilities of citizenship.
Vote in federal and provincial elections, obey Canada’s laws, work to help others in community, express opinions freely while respecting the rights and freedom of others, care for Canada’s heritage, eliminate discrimination and injustice.

– Give an example of how you can care for Canada’s natural heritage.
For example, you can plant flowers and trees, you can preserve the national and provincial

LANGUAGES
– What are the two official languages ​​of Canada?
English and French

– Which legal document protect the official language right of Canadians?
Canadian Constitution and Official Languages ​​Act.

– Give an example of where English and French have equal status in Canada.
Parliament of Canada, federal courts, federal institutions.

– Where do most French speaking Canadians live?
In the Province of Quebec.

– Which province has the most bilingual Canadians?
Quebec

– Which province is the only officially bilingual province?
New Brunswick

SYMBOLS
– What does the Canadian flag look like?
Red with a middle white strip where is a red maple leaf.

– What song is Canada’s national anthem? O Canada.

– Give the first two lines of Canada’s national anthem.
O Canada! Our home and native land! True patriot love all they are sons command.

– Where does the name “Canada” come from?
Jacques Cartier in 1500s when he first put his foot on Canada’s land he asked about the name of the country, the Indians told him about “kanata”, a word for village. The name was used after for the whole territory.

– Which animal is an official symbol of Canada? The beaver.

– What is the tower in the center of the Parliament buildings called? The Peace Tower.

– What unique art form was developed by First Nations people on the West Coast?
The totems poles.

GEOGRAPHY
– What is the population of Canada? About 30 millions.

– What three oceans border on Canada?
Atlantic, Pacific, Artic.

– What is the capital city of Canada? Ottawa.

– Name all the provinces and territories and their capital cities.
Newfoundland-St.John’s / Nova Scotia-Halifax / Prince Edward Island-Charlottetown / New Brunswick-Fredericton Quebec-Quebec / Ontario-Toronto / Manitoba-Winnipeg
Saskatchewan-Regina / Alberta-Edmonton
British Columbia-Victoria / Yukon Territories-Whitehorse
Northwest Territories-Yellowknife.

– Name the five regions of Canada.
Atlantic, Central, Prairie, West, North.

– What are the provinces of the Atlantic Region?
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Islands.

– Which are the Prairie Provinces?
Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan.

– What are the territories of northern Canada?
Yukon and Northern Territory.

– Name one province which is on the Atlantic coast of Canada. Newfoundland.

– Name a province on the Pacific coast of Canada.
British Columbia.

– Which region covers more than one-third of Canada?

– Where do more than half of the people in Canada live?
In the southern part of Canada.

– One third of all Canadians live in which province?
Ontario

– What is the Canadian Shield?
A rock formation millions years old.

– Where is the Canadian Shield?
Northern Quebec and Ontario.

– Where are the Canadian Rockies?
Between British Columbia and Alberta.

– Where are the Great Lakes?
Between Canada and USA.

– What are the name of the Great Lakes?
Superior, Michigan, Erie, Ontario, Huron.

– Where is the the Saint Lawrence Seaway?
In southern Quebec.

– Name two mountain rangers in Canada.
Columbia Mountain and Coastal Mountain.

– Which territory shares a border with another country?
Yukon with USA.

– Which province is known as the Land of 100,000 lakes?
Manitoba

– Which province are you joined to New Brunswick by land?
Quebec and Nova Scotia.

– To what ocean is Newfoundland closest?
Atlantic Ocean.

– Which mountain range from a border between Alberta and British Columbia?
Rocky Mountains.

– Which two provinces are closest to Prince Edward Island?
Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.

– Which province in Canada is the smallest in land size?
Prince Edward Island.

– Where are the Parliament Building located?
In Ottawa.

– Which country lies on Canada’s southern border?
United States of America.

ECONOMY
– What are the three main types of industry in Canada?
Natural Resources, manufacturing and services.

– In what sorts of jobs do most Canadians work?
Service jobs.

– What country is Canada’s largest trading partner?
United States of America.

– Why are the Great Lakes important to Canada?
Fresh water and seaway.

– Why is the St. Lawrence Seaway important to Canada?
Link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes- commercial.

– Why is the Canadian Shield important to Canada’s economy?
It is a rich mineral deposit and the forest is used the pulp and paper industry.

– List four important minerals found in the Canadian Shield.
Gold, nickel, copper, iron ore.

– Which province is one of the most productive agricultural regions in the world?
Saskatchewan

– Which region is known as the industrial and manufacturing heartland of Canada?
Central Region.

– Which region of Canada is known for both its fertile agricultural and valuable energy resources?
Prairie Region.

– Which two provinces produces more then three quarters of Canadian manufactured goods?
Ontario and Quebec.

– Which province is the biggest producer of metals in Canada?
Ontario

– Which province is Canada’s main producer of pulp an paper?
British Columbia.

– Which province has the largest dairy farming industry in Canada?
Quebec

– Which province has the most valuable forest industry in Canada?
British Columbia.

– Which province is Canada’s major producer of oil and gas?
Alberta

– Which province is Canada’s leading wheat producer?
Saskatchewan

– Which province is Canada’s largest producer of hydro-electricity?
Quebec

– Which two fuels provide about one half of all the energy used in Canada?
Oil and natural gas.

– Which products from Southern Ontario are one of Canada’s key exports?
Products from the auto industry.

– What are three minerals still being mined in both territories today?
Gold, zinc and lead.

– Which city provides important shipping and air links between Canada and other countries across the Pacific Ocean?
Vancouver

Effective October 11, 2017 applicants who are 18-54 years of age when they apply, including applicants who already have an application in process, are required to demonstrate an adequate knowledge of Canada and of the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship through a citizenship knowledge test in either English or French

 

Canadian Citizenship – Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship

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